List of 5,000 communist’s coup revealed
KABUL (WNA-Sep. 19, 2013): A list of 5,000 victims of community coup d'état was revealed by the Attorney General Office of Netherlands.
The office revealed a list of 5,000 people who were killed during the 1978 and 1979 by the then Afghanistan Intelligence Agency as reportedly, several lists of killed people were posted on the walls of interior ministry during the government of Hafizullah Amin.
But, as more people approached to see the lists, the ministry removed the papers from the walls.
The list that has been revealed by the Dutch government after investigations on Amanullah the former head of the intelligence service AGSA, might be one of those are also dubbed as “the Death List”.
During his asylum-seeking interview, Amanullah had confessed to the facts but denied if he had acceded to hanging of tens of people.
According to the report, Amanullah sought asylum in Netherlands in 1993, confessing that he was chief of Afghanistan’s intelligence service AGSA during the communist regime and had tortured many prisoners and signed decree for hanging many others.
The investigations also revealed that during imprisonment of these individuals, their families were not informed.
Earlier the Dutch Attorney General Office issued this list, it had contacted some witnesses and victim families and included their grievances in the report.
It called the situation in Afghanistan’s prisons in that time as horrible, emphasizing that torturing prisoners was an ordinary practice for the officials. Amanullah who worked for AGSA agency during 1978 1979, was accused of war crimes in that time, that’s why the Dutch government had denied him asylum, but didn’t expel him since his life was in danger.
Afterwards, investigations were started in 2000 and 2001 on Amanullah based on his confessions and documents under the name “transfer decree” offered by another Afghan national named Mirwais Wardak.
The decree was a document based on which the prisoners were sentenced to death or incarceration after interrogations. The contents of this document that were obtained by the Dutch police contain at least 27 decrees signed by Amanullah.
According to the report, these prisoners were accused to be fundamentalist Muslims, elites, students, public service officers, shopkeepers and rebellious individuals.
During investigations, the Dutch police contacted many Afghans living in Germany and other countries. They also contacted a 93-year-old Afghan woman in Hamburg who had a 154-page list of those who were hanged during 1988 and 1889 according to Afghan officials.
The list has elicited reactions and anger among the victim families. A young Afghan woman has told the Dutch police that after years of searching she had obtained this information. She said she witnessed that hundreds of prisoners were killed in Pole Charkhi prison and buried by bulldozers. According to her, thousands of Afghans faced this malicious fate.
The Dutch government issued this list to other European countries on 18th September, and subsequently decided to reveal “the death list” along with “the transfer decree” to all Afghans who have been in search for their lost ones for years.
Report: Nahid Nazari
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